OpenAI, the company behind the widely talked about ChatGPT has released a study authored by researchers from OpenAI, OpenResearch, and the University of Pennsylvania, forecasting that artificial intelligence will impact 80% of workers in the future.
The company used its newest flashing AI GPT-4 alongside a team of human researchers to investigate the potential of language models and how they will affect jobs in the US.
Although the researchers claim that the paper is not a prediction, they discovered that 80% of the US workforce could have 10% of their work tasks assigned to Generative Pre-trained Transformers (GPTs).
However, the research also shows that 19% of US workers could see up to 50% of their work tasks impacted by the rise and eventual adoption of AI.
The most affected jobs
After human experts and AI separately worked out the exposure of various occupations, the AI outlined 86 jobs that are completely exposed.
The researchers went on to add that when the AI said ‘fully exposed,’ it was not to say that they can perform the task entirely by themselves. The study notes that GPTs could save workers, “A significant amount of time completing a large share of their tasks”.
Human research experts who participated in the study outlined 15 jobs as fully exposed while the AI labelled 86 as fully exposed.
Jobs that human researchers found were 100% exposed:
- Tax Preparers
- Financial Quantitative Analysts
- Writers and Authors
- Web and Digital Interface Designers
Jobs with high percentage listed by humans includes:
- Survey Researchers (84.4)
- Writers and Authors (82.5)
- Interpreters and Translators (82.4)
- Public Relations Specialists (80.6)
- Animal Scientists (77.8)
“We have observed that most occupations exhibit some degree of exposure to GPTs, with higher-wage occupations generally presenting more tasks with high exposure,” the authors wrote.
The AI language models listed the following as 100% exposed:
- Accountants and Auditors
- News Analysts, Reporters, and Journalists
- Legal Secretaries and Administrative Assistants
- Clinical Data Managers
- Climate Change Policy Analysts
The language models found the below jobs to be more than 90%: exposed:
- Correspondence Clerks
- Blockchain Engineers
- Court Reporters and Simultaneous Captioners
- Proofreaders and Copy Markers
Despite being praised for its remarkable writing abilities, the language models did not specifically list writers or authors as fully exposed occupations.
AI will replace certain jobs
OpenAI CEO Sam Altman has also said that AI will replace certain jobs in the near future and it could happen a lot faster than we think, “That is the part I worry about the most.” Altman also encourages people to see ChatGPT as a tool that can help them improve and not as a replacement. “Human creativity is limitless, and we find new jobs. We find new things to do.”