US President Joe Biden has penned an executive order that establishes artificial intelligence guidelines to reduce the risks that could potentially follow further development of the nascent technology. Biden’s executive order aims to protect safety, national security, consumer privacy and equity while boosting the country’s competitiveness.
The order requires companies developing AI models that could pose a serious risk to national security, economic security or public health and safety to perform and report safety test results to the federal government. This is a requirement that is likely to impact companies investing in AI development including Google’s parent company Alphabet, Amazon and Microsoft.
Also, the federal Departments of Homeland Security and Energy must use the Defense Production Act to address cases where AI could threaten critical infrastructure. In the executive order, Biden called on “Congress to pass bipartisan data privacy legislation to protect all Americans, especially kids.”
The order builds on the Biden administration’s previous suggestions for preserving equity in AI development, such as the “Blueprint for an AI Bill of Rights,” which was released in October 2022.
This current administration previously announced that 15 leading AI companies, including Google, Amazon, Microsoft, Meta, OpenAI, Nvidia and others have agreed to voluntary disclosure, safety and security requirements for their AI tools and services.